Adani Group Believes That India’s Self-Reliance Lies in Its Infrastructural Development

The Adani Group believes that the only way to offer India well-rounded economic growth would be to develop core infrastructure. With this in mind, the conglomerate has been continuously working towards developing India’s infrastructure. It has taken up multiple projects aimed at triggering infrastructure development in different corners of the country. Also, it is planning on making an investment of Rs 7 lakh crore in the infrastructure sector. This will lead our country on the path of success.

A Brief History of Infrastructural Development in India

Infrastructure development started in India during the colonial era. The British developed ports, railways, water transport systems, and factories. This was to transport every product out of India.

Since then, a lot of companies and business groups have focused on infrastructural development. One such group that set out to put India on the map of best-quality infrastructure is the Adani Group.

Projects Taken Up by Adani Group

The conglomerate has made investments in the infrastructure and logistics sector from its initial days of operation. It has developed 13 ports in 8 maritime states in less than two decades. The ports have a handling capacity of over 500 MMTPA. Recently, the Adani Group also acquired ports in Israel and Sri Lanka.      

The Group also made huge investments in airports. It has plans to upgrade airports in Lucknow, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Mangaluru, Guwahati, Jaipur, and Thiruvananthapuram. It is presently working on developing a greenfield airport in Navi Mumbai. The expansion of airports will facilitate easier business operations. It will also shorten the boundaries between nations.

Presently, the Adani Group is the owner of the longest private railway line, which spans over 300 km. The lines are connected to mines, ports, and other businesses of the Group. This allows for seamless cargo movement in the supply chain. The conglomerate is also considering constructing three highways, which would comprise 650 lane km. They are Bilaspur-Patrapali in Chhattisgarh, and Suryapet-Khammam and Mancherial–Repallewada in Telangana. They will offer better connectivity between various business units of the Group.

The company has scaled up its cement business by acquiring stake from some of the biggest cement manufacturers in the country.      That way, the group will be able to increase its hold over the cement and materials sector. As we know, the infrastructure sector is directly dependent on the cement and materials sector and by expanding control over the sectors, the Adani Group will become self-reliant in business operations. Various infrastructural developments can then take place across the country in a seamless way.      

Adani’s Plans to Invest 7 Lakh Crore in The Infrastructural Sector

The Adani Group’s Rs 7 lakh  crore investment in the infrastructure sector will be mainly spent on expanding mines, roads, railways, and data centres. This will lead to overall growth in the economy. The country will be able to accommodate more cargo volume. This will pave the path for enhanced trade operations.           

The airports will be able to accommodate greater footfalls. People will be easily connected to different corners of the world. With data centre development being undertaken in full force, there will be immense technological advancement in different sectors.      

The Adani Group has been investing in the ports sector too. Being a major port operator in the country, its outlook has always been to enhance trading routes. This will not only allow for improved relationships with foreign countries but also help our country attract investors.

Conclusion:   

The Adani Group has always had its focus on the infrastructure segment of India. Through investments in ports, airports, logistics, renewables, and digital infrastructure, the conglomerate plans to make our nation resilient. The initiatives taken in the infrastructure sector will act as a flag-bearer in our country’s journey towards self-reliance.

 

Standing tall in the face of a storm

Resilience is how you weather a storm – a storm that threatens to destroy you, that threatens to break your every fibre. When Cyclone Michuang lashed Chennai in December 2023, leaving a trail of destruction in its wake, the city dealt with the crisis with resolute determination. Within weeks, it sprang back to life. Resilience is in its DNA, and it is the reason businesses thrive there. Interestingly, the word Michuang, which was suggested by Myanmar, means strength and resilience.

The resilient strain runs through the Adani Group’s DNA as well. The Group has demonstrated time and again how to stand tall when faced with a crisis. During the cyclonic storm, AdaniConneX Chennai 1 Data Center, located in the SIPCOT IT Park, showed complete readiness in face of extreme challenges.

AdaniConneX believes in helping customers grow and deliver on their commitments. During difficult moments like the recent cyclone, the team demonstrated agility, leadership and camaraderie. Despite power outages in the city, the resilient design of the facility and planning ensured continued power and network availability, resource management, water management and logistics.

EdgeOS enabled real-time communication between global network operations centre (NOC) and the local site. This data center operating system allows clients to manage, monitor and control their assets, operations and footprint from a single pane of glass from anywhere, anytime. It enabled a single source of information across all teams, partners and customers. With the help of the on-premises weather monitoring system and analytics platform, the team could anticipate the emerging challenges and act swiftly.

Chennai is a hub of several trades; over one-third of India’s automobile industry has its base in the Detroit of India. Be it art, architecture, technology or development, this southern metropolis has proved to be an attractive location for businesses to set up shop. Access to a skilled workforce, local suppliers, and a well-developed supply chain ecosystem are added benefits that attract big and small names to this place.

Chennai 1 Data Center is a first-of-its-kind multi-tenant purpose-built facility that opens the door to a global network of data centers, along with access to other metro markets in India. Of its total capacity of 33 MW, 17 MW is operational; the rest will go live in the next phase. It is a network neutral facility that is powered by renewable energy with the aim to deliver a premium customer experience.    

As part of the monsoon preparedness plan, the team carried out preventive maintenance for all critical equipment and conducted specialised training for emergency response. Since safety and well-being of all remains top priority, the team worked closely with local communities and distributed food packets. Collaborative teamwork ensured operational excellence during the crisis.

They were successful because of design expertise, business continuity planning, operational excellence and, most importantly, their culture. Through its state-of-the-art data center, AdaniConneX is committed to the growth of Chennai. Its mission is to help customers scale their digital infrastructure with confidence.

A 50:50 joint venture between Adani Group and EdgeConneX, AdaniConneX is rapidly executing on its plan to deliver 1 GW hyperlocal to hyperscale data center capacity throughout India.

Education For All

Education is a basic human right, and every child should have access to it. Many children cannot exercise this right because of lack of schools near them. Millions have not been to school, the primary reasons being poverty, inaccessibility, a lack of infrastructure, conflicts at home, and the like.

Education involves learning. Even if schools exist, learning is difficult in the absence of trained teachers, books, other supplies, and proper infrastructure. There are many school going children who do not reach even the minimum proficiency levels in reading.

Adani Vidya Mandir (AVM), run by the Adani Foundation, was started to provide education to children belonging to the weaker sections of society. The school in Surguja has students from in and around the area, with many coming from underprivileged backgrounds. The school caters to a highly marginalised population. Most of them are first-generation learners, who lack access to modern technology, and even the fundamental academic help.

A co-educational, English medium school affiliated to the Central Board for Secondary Education, AVM aims to assist students in realising their full potential by providing a learner-friendly environment and devoted instructors. The school boasts of an enviable infrastructure consisting of 23 smart classes, a rich library, well-equipped laboratories, and a sprawling playground.

The school is in a remote location that is deprived of sources like coaching, tuition, online classes, varied assessment techniques, and expert guidance. But turning the classrooms into digital learning spaces has improved the teaching and learning experience. Digitalization in school provides good content and enhances the skills of the teachers, which is beneficial to the students in improving their knowledge and learning steps.

With access to digital tools, students are equipped with an improved educational experience as well as ease of learning. They benefit from the assistance provided that helps them achieve higher aspirations and career paths. Ultimately, the success of these children empowers their families and communities.

Parents are happy because AVM provides children with everything related to education in a remote area like Surguja. The school also takes care of their food requirements, with the children getting nutritious meals prepared by the mothers of some of their peers. The school principal is very proud of the fact that the students, who were afraid of attending school at one point of time, are now very confident and can speak fluently in English and Hindi.

Surguja is one of Chhattisgarh’s oldest districts, with Scheduled Tribes constituting most of the population. About half of the land in the district is covered by forests. Difficult geography, poor infrastructure, and high levels of underdevelopment and poverty pose multiple challenges. The Adani Group’s entry into the state has helped to restore some sense of normalcy in the lives of the tribal people.

The Group’s CSR arm, Adani Foundation, conducts many programmes on education, health, livelihood promotion and infrastructure development along with the Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited (RRVUNL).

There’s always a silver lining!

Bihar, one of the oldest states of India, boasts a rich history that can be traced back to the formation of human civilization. But the caste survey released by the state government in October 2023 reveals a very dismal picture – poverty and a poor job scenario continue to ail the state. The government is mulling the introduction of a caste-based quota. Can it help solve this grave problem? Or should the government bring in more investments to alleviate the masses from their age-old struggles? Protests against alleged irregularities in government exams in the state often make headlines, reflecting the anger of the people and their helplessness about the lack of jobs in the state. 

Underdevelopment has been pushing people to leave and relocate to more industrialised states. Migration for better education and jobs to other states and outside country is not a new phenomenon. If we look back at history, migration from the state began in the 19th century and has continued ever since. Over half households in the state see migration to places that offer a better standard of living, better employment options and more money, states a study by the Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS).

One of the primary reasons for unemployment in Bihar is the lack of industrialisation and economic development. There are a few largescale industries and job opportunities, and the agricultural sector, which employs a significant portion of the population, has limited scope for growth, as per the Economic Survey of the state. 

However, all is not doom and gloom. The economy of Bihar is largely service oriented, with a significant agricultural base. The state also has an industrial sector. Agriculture accounts for 35%, industry 9% and service 55% of the economy. There is virtually no manufacturing sector but its share is increasing.

The Adani Group’s increasing footprint in the state promises to create around 10,000 jobs, a significant number. The Group will make an additional investment of Rs 8,700 crore in sectors like cement, logistics and agriculture, said Mr Pranav Adani, Director, Adani Enterprises, at Bihar Business Connect-2023.

The conglomerate has invested ₹850 crore in Bihar in logistics and gas distribution and has created about 3,000 direct and indirect employment opportunities. With additional investment in multiple sectors, the Adani Group will create 10,000 direct and indirect employment opportunities in the state, which has a dismal unemployment rate – 17.5% in March 2023, the highest in the country. What makes this figure worrisome is that the state has had the highest unemployment rate for the last two years.

The Adani Group is mulling bringing Adani Wilmar to the state. The Ambuja Cements project is aiming for a 10 million metric tonne target and is expected to create about 3,000 jobs.

There’s always a silver lining. With initiatives like these, one can hope for the state to reclaim its lost glory.

There’s No Net Zero Without Green Hydrogen

Net zero is not possible without green hydrogen, which is the last mile for achieving the standard in every industry; it is also the last mile that the Adani Group is focusing on. The Group is making investments in green hydrogen and renewable energy sources to lower costs. That’s the Group’s strategy, that is what it wants to capture.

The Group’s formidable renewable capacity allows its constituent businesses to progressively source renewable power to lower Scope 2 emissions. Each business is looking at ways to work with upstream and downstream stakeholders to mitigate Scope 3 emissions. However, it is also the case that for many sectors, green hydrogen will be critical for decarbonisation.

The Group has demonstrated significant progress in its decarbonization pathway and its ambition to support the global net zero journey. It has set a target to become net zero by 2050 or earlier for five of its portfolio companies — Adani Green Energy, Adani Energy Solutions, Adani Ports & SEZ, ACC and Ambuja Cements. The Portfolio businesses are actively sourcing renewables, electrifying operations and adopting biofuels, and deploying waste heat recovery and energy storage technologies. The portfolio companies will be investing $100 billion over the next decade towards achieving energy transition.

Besides planting 100 million trees by 2030, the group’s focus is on ESG innovations.

  • To promote reduced emission and sustainable energy, Adani Power has partnered with Japan’s IHI Corporation and Kowa company to explore ammonia co-firing at the Adani Power Mundra plant. The company initiated a green ammonia combustion pilot project at its Mundra plant as part of its decarbonization efforts. The project aims to co-fire up to 20% green ammonia in the boiler of a conventional coal-fired 330 MW unit at the Plant. Initially, it aims at de-carbonizing Adani’s coal fired plants but with a larger objective to implement the technology in other coal-fired plants across India.
  • In another significant move, Adani Enterprises Limited (AEL) has entered into an agreement with Ashok Leyland and Ballard Power to develop a hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Truck (FCET) for mining logistics and transportation; this will make AEL Asia’s first and one of the few companies globally to operate green hydrogen-powered mining trucks. The launch of the FCET in India is scheduled for 2024, marking a significant milestone in advancing a hydrogen economy and positioning India at the forefront of the emerging technology.
  • The last mile in the net zero transition of airports requires the decarbonisation of aviation fuel for which e-kerosene produced, using green hydrogen, is the most viable prospect. For the ports and shipping business, green ammonia produced from green hydrogen provides the most likely path to net zero. While electrification and battery electric vehicles will play an important role in decarbonisation of transport, fuel cells operating on green hydrogen will be critical for heavy duty trucking and mining operations.
  • Adani Total Gas Limited (ATGL) has announced the launch of its green hydrogen blending project in Ahmedabad. The objective is to assess the viability of green hydrogen as an alternative energy source for the city gas distribution consumers. The pilot project will involve blending green hydrogen with natural gas for at least 4,000 home and commercial PNG customers in the city.
  • Scaling of India’s infrastructure will require a multiple fold increase in cement production – a carbon-intensive business. Carbon capture and storage, especially in concrete, will play an important role; however, in the absence of significant known sequestration reserves in India, the utilisation of carbon with green hydrogen to produce polymers for building materials could be another possible decarbonisation pathway.